Thursday, September 3, 2015

Geothermal Power In The US Market Analysis and Market Growth, Trend, Research, Study and Forecast To 2025

“The Report Geothermal Power In The US, Market Outlook To 2025 – Capacity, Generation, Regulations And Company Profiles provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants. – MarketResearchReports.biz”

“Geothermal Power in the US, Market Outlook to 2025 Capacity, Generation, Regulations and Company Profiles is the latest report from GlobalData, the industry analysis specialists that offer comprehensive information and understanding of the Geothermal power market in the US. The report provides in depth analysis on global renewable power market and global geothermal power market with forecasts up to 2025. The report analyzes the power market scenario in the US (includes thermal conventional, nuclear, large hydro and renewables) and provides future outlook with forecasts up to 2025. The research details renewable power market outlook in the country (includes wind, small hydro, biopower and solar PV) and provides forecasts up to 2025. The report highlights installed capacity and power generation trends from 2001 to 2025 in the US geothermal power market. The report provides information on the amount of carbon saved and average number of homes powered by geothermal power during 2001-2025. A detailed coverage of renewable energy policy framework governing the market with specific policies pertaining to geothermal is provided in the report. The research also provides company snapshots of some of the major market participants.

The report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, secondary research and in-house analysis by GlobalDatas team of industry experts.

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Scope

The report analyses global renewable power market, global geothermal power market, the US power market, the US renewable power market and the US geothermal market. The scope of the research includes –A brief introduction on global carbon emissions and global primary energy consumption.Historical period is during 2001-2011 (unless specified) and forecast period is for 2012-2025.An overview on global renewable power market, highlighting installed capacity trends, generation trends and installed capacity split by various renewable power sources.Renewable power sources include wind (includes both onshore and offshore), solar photovoltaic (PV), concentrated solar power (CSP), small hydropower (SHP), biomass, biogas and geothermal.Detailed overview on the global geothermal power market with installed capacity, generation and installed capacity split by major countries. An analysis of cost break-up for geothermal power is covered as part of the report.

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Power market scenario in the US and provides detailed market overview, installed capacity and power generation trends by various fuel types (includes thermal conventional, nuclear, large hydro and renewables) with forecasts up to 2025.An overview on the US renewable power market, highlighting installed capacity trends (2001-2025), generation trends(2001-2025) and installed capacity split by various renewable power sources in 2011.Detailed overview of the US geothermal power market with installed capacity, generation, carbon savings (2001-2025) and number of homes powered (2001-2025).Deal analysis of the US geothermal market. Deals are analyzed on the basis of mergers, acquisitions, partnership, asset finance, debt offering, equity offering, private equity (PE) and venture capitalists (VC).Key policies and regulatory framework supporting the development of renewable power sources in general and geothermal in particular.Company snapshots of some of the major market participants in the country.

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The report will enhance your decision making capability in a more rapid and time sensitive manner. It will allow you toIdentify key growth and investment opportunities in the US geothermal power market.Facilitate decision-making based on strong historic and forecast data for geothermal power market.Position yourself to gain the maximum advantage of the industrys growth potential.Develop strategies based on the latest regulatory events.Identify key partners and business development avenues.Understand and respond to your competitors business structure, strategy and prospects.

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Wind power in Australia: Siemens wind turbines for a wind farm

Siemens and Neoen Australia have signed a contract for the Hornsdale Wind Farm project located in the state of South Australia. Consisting of 32 Siemens direct drive wind turbines, this project will provide clean energy for more than 70,000 households. The agreement includes also a long-term service contract. Neoen Australia is investing 250 million Australian dollars (approx.166 million Euros) in the project which will make a major contribution to the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) government’s target of 90% renewable energy by 2020. The project is underpinned by a 20-year contract to supply green energy to the ACT at a fixed price of 9.2 Australian Cents per kilowatt hour (kWh) – 6.1 Euro Cents per kWh.

After commissioning, the Hornsdale wind power plant is expected to produce over 400 gigawatt hours (GWh) per year – an amount of energy equivalent to a fifth of the territory’s annual electricity consumption. At the signing ceremony, ACT Environment Minister Simon Corbell emphasized, “As one of the winners of our first wind auction, Hornsdale plays a critical role in helping the ACT to achieve its 90% renewable target.”

“We are delighted that Neoen entrusted Siemens to support the region around Canberra with our environment friendly technology,” says Thomas Richterich, CEO Onshore at Siemens Wind Power and Renewables Division. “At the Hornsdale Wind Farm we have three factors of success combined: Neoen’s international expertise, Australia’s natural resources, and the efficiency of our cutting edge direct drive technology.”

This project will support the Renewable Energy Centre of Excellence at the Canberra Institute of Technology by creating opportunities for employment, training and investment in both the ACT and South Australia. It will also provide benefits to the Hornsdale community for the life of the project. Construction will begin immediately. Siemens will provide the full turn-key project solution including 32 wind turbines with associated civil and electrical infrastructure. Siemens will also maintain the wind farm for Neoen on a long-term maintenance contract signed simultaneously with the EPC contract.
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LEEDCo fields international geotechnial team 10 miles offshore

The Lake Erie Energy Development Corp., or LEEDCo, is finally getting to the bottom of a question that must be answered before anyone can build wind turbines in Lake Erie.

That question -- what kind of earth lies below the sandy Lake bottom -- is being answered this week one core sample at a time and one pressure test at a time.

Two 12-man crews are working around the clock about 10 miles offshore, said Lorry Wagner, president of LEEDCo.

Working in 12-hour shifts on the 200-foot crane barge, the Farrell 256, one team of drillers and geotechnical engineers is drilling 60 to 75 feet into the material under the Lake bottom and pulling out dozens of cylindrical "cores" of sand, clay and rocky aggregate for careful analysis.

The cores tell the story of the land under the lake, said Beau Marshall, drilling crew chief for DOSECC Exploration Services, land that has remained undisturbed for thousands of years. The cores will also enable the engineers to figure out what kind of foundation the proposed wind turbines will need to be stable.

Another team is simultaneously running a kind of pressure test on the Lake bottom to figure out the overall mixture of the material at the bottom,up to 75 feet below it and even deeper into the shale rock below that.

The teams were on course by mid-week to wrap up the job by Tuesday, Sept. 8, if the good weather and calm seas hold.

The core samples are being assayed immediately and then packed up for a more detailed analysis later, some of which will be done at the Civil Engineering department at Case Western Reserve University laboratories. 

The pressure tests, called "cone penetration tests," push instruments into the Lake bottom under enormous pressure at a steady rate. The point? To get a picture of how the sediments are layered and to calculate just how much weight the soil below can support.

The tests and drilling for core samples are being done at six sites about three-quarters of a mile apart in a straight line where LEEDCo has proposed building the six-turbine pilot project. The single line of turbines, if built, will stand eight to 10 miles offshore, northwest of downtown Cleveland.

David Karpinski, an engineer and LEEDCo's vice president of operations, said knowing the composition and strength of the soils is critical because the company is not planning to drive piles deep into the shale rock below.

Instead, LEEDCo is planning to use a "mono bucket" foundation developed over the last decade by Universal Foundation, a Danish company,

The "Mono Bucket foundation" is an all-in-one steel structure -- a monopile shaft attached to the bottom of a large-diameter bucket, measuring about 45 feet in diameter.

The bucket would be is sunk and placed open-side down on the lake bottom with the pole extending toward the surface of the water.

And when engineers pump out the water trapped in the inverted bucket, the structure sinks itself into the sea or lake bottom, said Karpinski.

The big steel bucket could be made her, said Wagner, would be less costly than sinking piles into the rock and less environmentally destructive than digging into the soil.
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O&G Industries seeks immediate approval for hydrogen fuel cell energy park

O&G Industries seeks immediate approval for hydrogen fuel cell energy park

Posted on 03 September 2015. Tags: Beacon Falls, Beacon Falls Energy Park, Connecticut, connecticut department of energy & environmental protection, Connecticut Siting Council, FuelCell Energy, hydrogen fuel, hydrogen fuel cells, O&G Industries, renewable energy

Company seeks approval to begin construction on its new energy park immediately

O&G Industries has submitted a request for immediate approval of a new energy park that will be taking form in Beacon Falls, Connecticut. The company owns a facility that would serve as home for the energy part, which is called the Beacon Falls Energy Park. The request for approval was submitted to the Connecticut Siting Council, which will determine whether or not the energy park will take form at the Beacon Falls facility.

Beacon Falls Energy park will make use of hydrogen fuel cells made by FuelCell Energy

The Beacon Falls Energy Park is meant to be the largest hydrogen fuel cell power plant in the world. The park would be equipped with fuel cells developed by FuelCell Energy and the power plant would generate approximately 63 megawatts of electrical power. O&G Industries intends to expand the area where the energy park will take form, planning to build upon an old sand and gravel mine that is no longer in use.

Approval will allow O&G to avoid lengthy regulatory process

Hydrogen fuel cells are considered to be Class I renewable energy systems, which mean they comply with air and water quality standards imposed by the Connecticut Department of Energy & Environmental Protection. O&G Industries believes that the energy park will go a long way in helping the state to become more environmentally friendly and a leader in renewable energy and clean technology. The company is seeking a declaratory ruling from the Connecticut Siting Council, which will allow for the immediate construction of the energy park. Such a ruling would allow O&G to bypass a lengthy regulatory process that would delay construction on the energy park.

Hydrogen fuel cell energy park may be able to begin commercial service in 2016

If O&G is able to acquire approval, the company believes that the first phase of the energy mark project will enter into commercial service in 2016. The energy park will be generating electrical power through the use of hydrogen fuel cells, with this electricity being supplied to various sources. Because of the use of fuel cells, the energy park will not generate harmful emissions.
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Cheaper Solar Cells Can Be Made From Abundant Nontoxic Material and Antifreeze

These nanoparticles of copper zinc tin sulfide are processed with a common antifreeze solvent to produce good quality solar cells. (Image courtesy of Oregon State University)

A process combining copper zinc tin sulfide (CZTS)—a semiconducting compound composed of only abundant and non-toxic elements—and the same antifreeze that keeps an automobile radiator from freezing in cold weather may be the key to making solar cells that cost less and avoid toxic compounds, while further expanding the use of solar energy.

And when perfected, this approach might also cook up the solar cells in a microwave oven similar to the one in most kitchens. [Editor's note: A method for rapid synthesis of Cu2ZnSnS4 nanocrystals in an old microwave oven was recently proposed by the researchers at the University of Utah.]

Engineers at Oregon State University have determined that ethylene glycol, commonly used in antifreeze products, can be a low-cost solvent that functions well in a “continuous flow” reactor—an approach to making thin-film solar cells that is easily scaled up for mass production at industrial levels.

The research also concluded this approach will work with CZTS, or copper zinc tin sulfide, a compound of significant interest for solar cells due to its excellent optical properties and the fact these materials are cheap and environmentally benign.

“The global use of solar energy may be held back if the materials we use to produce solar cells are too expensive or require the use of toxic chemicals in production,” said Greg Herman, an associate professor in the OSU School of Chemical, Biological and Environmental Engineering. “We need technologies that use abundant, inexpensive materials, preferably ones that can be mined in the U.S. This process offers that.”

By contrast, many solar cells today are made with CIGS, or copper indium gallium diselenide. Indium is comparatively rare and costly, and mostly produced in China. Last year, the prices of indium and gallium used in CIGS solar cells were about 275 times higher than the zinc used in CZTS cells.

The technology being developed at OSU uses ethylene glycol in meso-fluidic reactors that can offer precise control of temperature, reaction time, and mass transport to yield better crystalline quality and high uniformity of the nanoparticles that comprise the solar cell—all factors which improve quality control and performance.

This approach is also faster—many companies still use “batch mode” synthesis to produce CIGS nanoparticles, a process that can ultimately take up to a full day, compared to about half an hour with a continuous flow reactor. The additional speed of such reactors will further reduce final costs.

“For large-scale industrial production, all of these factors – cost of materials, speed, quality control – can translate into money,” Herman said. “The approach we’re using should provide high-quality solar cells at a lower cost.”

The performance of CZTS cells right now is lower than that of CIGS, researchers say, but with further research on the use of dopants and additional optimization it should be possible to create solar cell efficiency that is comparable.
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What Obama’s Clean Energy Plan proposals mean for US solar

Laura E. Stern is president of Nautilus Solar, a full service energy solutions provider based in New Jersey, USA. She has over 20 years of project finance and power industry experience and is an elected board member of US trade body, the Solar Energy Industries Association.

President Obama’s 3 August announcement of the final Clean Power Plan in conjunction with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conveys an optimistic tone for the future of the US solar industry. In what President Obama considers the “single most important step that America has ever made in the fight against global climate change”, the plan requires states to decrease carbon dioxide emissions by 32% from 2005 levels by 2030.

According to the EPA, dramatically increasing the use of clean energy is the most effective way to reverse the exponentially increasing global warming trend. As outlined in August, Barack Obama warned that 14 of the 15 warmest years on record have occurred in the first 15 years of the 2000s; last year was the warmest year ever.

There is no doubt that the Clean Power Plan will increase the United States’ solar capacity. States are required to implement plans that will ensure power plants in their state achieve the interim CO2 emissions performance rates over the period of 2022 to 2029 and the final CO2 emission performance rates by 2030. This means states will need about 28% of their energy to come from renewable energy. Solar power is growing the most rapidly of all the renewable energy sources in the United States. There is enough solar energy in the country to power over 4.3 million homes. The Clean Power Plan’s new requirements should create thousands of megawatts of additional solar deployment, in addition to the 50,000 MW that have already been expected by 2020.

The impact that will be felt by the solar industry is wide ranging:

Extending the solar investment tax credit (ITC)

The Clean Power Plan has set ambitious solar portfolio goals for 2030, but a major factor that could inhibit this target goal is the solar ITC expiring at the end of 2016. Most solar solution providers rely on the solar ITC to make their projects economically feasible; therefore, the expiration of the ITC in 2016 may mean either the end of low solar prices or a drop off of solar installations. The White House’s dedication to clean energy is a promising sign that the solar ITC will be renewed before 31 December 2016.

For the ITC to be extended, businesses will need to take action to develop support for the credit in their state at both the House and Senate. The Solar Industries Association (SEIA) urged the US Senate to include the solar ITC into a tax extenders bill, which was backed by thousands of Americans. Ultimately, the bill did not include the ITC, but SEIA continues to fight for an extension. The current annual congressional recess is the perfect time for your company to visit members of congress at their district offices or meet with their district staff. While the ITC is an imperfect and indirect policy to address climate change, extending it would be the simplest measure at this point to achieve the administration’s goals.

State-required solar compliance and incentives 

While Obama’s proposal indicates that states must individually draft solar incentive plans by 2016 and comply by 2022, a minority of states are currently against the plan. Sixteen states have banded together to fight the Clean Energy Plan, arguing that the plan will halt all coal-generated power, and thus, their states’ economy. In an interview with NPR, Governor Matt Meade of Wyoming argued that the plan is only beneficial for states that currently have a solar infrastructure and no coal power stations. As of 2013, Wyoming holds 1MW of solar capacity yet is the largest coal energy provider in the United States.

Although Meade is not alone in this belief, the Clean Power Plan’s early solar investment incentives take substantial measures to induce states such as Wyoming to increase their solar capacity and diversify their energy portfolio at a much more affordable price, especially if coupled with the federal solar ITC. The EPA has provided states with a variety of proven market-based compliance strategies to incorporate in their plans. If a state has not invested in solar before, the Clean Power Plan has designated this period as an optimal time to begin.

A commitment to low-income households

Time magazine reported in a January 2014 issue that approximately 41% of Americans consider themselves to be living in a lower-class household. Several states have been hesitant to accept the new plan because of the false belief that carbon pollution standards will hit low-income communities the hardest. Some special interest groups have also been spreading the myth that utility bills are going to spike with the new carbon pollution standards.

The Clean Power Plan will actually make energy more affordable. Low-income energy consumers need to understand that payments for solar systems will not disproportionately fall on them. The Clean Power Plan has established a Clean Energy Incentive Program that will drive investment in energy efficiency in low-income communities. By 2030, the Clean Power Plan is expected to prevent 90,000 asthma attacks in children, stop 1,700 heart attacks and prevent 300,000 sick days. According to the White House, for average households, electricity bills will decrease by about US$85 each year – saving consumers a total of US$155 billion from 2020-2030. Obama’s 24 August announcement of new initiatives to unlock property-assessed clean energy (PACE) financing for single family housing will lower the cost of solar for residential owners even more. Housing Urban Development (HUD) announced that properties with subordinated PACE loans can be purchased and refinanced using a Federal Housing Authority (FHA) insured mortgage.

The plan will also support the creation of new jobs in the renewable energy fields. The solar industry already employs 175,000 Americans with more than 100,000 jobs created in the past decade. It is clear that solar energy is here to stay. In the absence of a single market-based federal policy to address global warming, the Clean Power Plan goes a long way towards ensuring a cleaner, healthier environment, while providing affordable power and increased employment opportunities.
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DEINOVE Produces Muconic Acid from 2G Substrates

DEINOVE (Paris:ALDEI) (Alternext Paris : ALDEI), a biotech company developing innovative processes for producing biofuels and bio-based chemicals by using Deinococcus bacteria, announces today that they have produced muconic acid in their laboratory using second-generation substrates.

DEINOVE recently announced1 that it had deployed a new R&D platform dedicated to the production of muconic acid, a versatile chemical intermediate whose derivatives – caprolactam, terephthalic acid (a precursor to PET) and adipic acid — are widely used in the plastics industry (notably for automotive and packaging applications), the production of synthetic fibers for textiles or industry (mainly nylon) and food (acidifying agent).

DEINOVE has since obtained proof of concept in their laboratory for the transformation of second-generation cellulose-based materials into muconic acid. Furthermore, the improvements made to the strains have made it possible to multiply production by five compared to the previous trials carried out on monosaccharide-based model substrates, glucose and xylose.

Cellulose is one of the main components in biomass, plants and wood, as well as in paper and cardboard (also called second-generation materials). This is a complex molecule (sugar chains with 6 carbon atoms) that have to be broken down into monosaccharides before fermentation (a step know as hydrolysis).

“Bio-based muconic acid is a real renewable alternative for the chemical industry, it will be able to replace petroleum-based industrial processes on significant markets,” said Emmanuel Petiot, CEO of DEINOVE. “While our teams pursue strain optimization, we have presented the platform to several chemical industrialists who have been following our project with great interest. Deinococcus is no doubt a well-suited microorganism for the development of this new process, with a metabolism that is naturally oriented toward muconic acid and unique characteristics in view of the low-cost conversion of second-generation substrates (production of cellulases and action at high temperatures). This 2G-based production opens many opportunities, including the reuse of agricultural residue and urban waste, the first step toward a real circular economy. With the upcoming COP21, we are proud to contribute to France’s leadership in green chemistry and the ecological transition.”

About DEINOVE

DEINOVE (Alternext Paris: ALDEI) is ushering in a new era of green chemistry by designing and developing new standards of production based on bacteria of untapped potential: the Deinococci. Taking advantage of the bacteria’s unique genetic properties and unusual robustness, DEINOVE optimizes natural fermentation and metabolic capabilities of these bacterial "micro‐factories" to produce high value‐added products from non‐food biomass. The Company’s primary markets are 2nd‐generation biofuels (DEINOL) and bio‐based chemicals (DEINOCHEM). On these markets, the Company offers its technology to industrial partners globally.

Listed on NYSE Alternext since April 2010, DEINOVE was founded by Dr. Philippe Pouletty, General Partner of TRUFFLE CAPITAL, and Pr. Miroslav Radman, of the Faculty of Medicine of Paris Descartes University. The company employs almost 50 people in its new offices and laboratories located in Montpellier, France.

More information at www.deinove.com
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